Prerequisites: GEOG 206/L or instructor consent. Corequisite: GEOG 306L. Intermediate course on theories and application of geographical information science. Course will cover fundamental concepts of database management, spatial analysis and data creation. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) will be used to discover spatial relationships among environmental and social phenomena. Labs will provide an introduction to spatial data structures and raster-based applications of GIS. Labs offer hands-on experience with the dominant GIS software, ArcGIS. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab.