Prerequisites: GEOG 306/L or permission of instructor. Advanced applications of geographical information systems. Includes analysis of crime patterns, patterns of disease and healthcare delivery, population and housing characteristics, voting behavior and redistricting, market area analysis, utility management, transportation. Students taking GEOG 408A/L are also eligible to take GEOG 408B/L for credit. This course meets the GEOG 408 GIS Certificate requirement. Available for graduate credit. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab.