This is an archive of the 2017-2018 University Catalog.
To access the most recent version, please visit

This is an archive of the 2017-2018 University Catalog.
To access the most recent version, please visit


LING 113A. Approaches to University Writing A (3)

Prerequisite: EPT score of 139 and below. Corequisite: UNIV 061. Expository prose writing with a focus on both content and form designed with international non-native speakers of English in mind. Specific emphases include the exercise of logical thought and clear expression, the development of effective organizational strategies, and the appropriate gathering and utilization of evidence. Includes ESL instruction on diction, syntax, and grammar, as well as the conventions of English prose style. Students receive credit for only one course chosen from AAS 113A, AFRS 113A, CAS 113A, CHS 113AENGL 113A, LING 113A or QS 113A. Students also are required to enroll in UNIV 061 (1 credit) or equivalent. Individual tutoring is available through the Learning Resource Center.

LING 113B. Approaches to University Writing B (3)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of LING 113A or equivalent. Corequisite: UNIV 062Expository prose writing with a focus on both content and form. Specific emphases include the exercise of logical thought and clear expression, the development of effective organizational strategies, and the appropriate gathering and utilization of evidence. Includes instruction on diction, syntax and grammar, as well as the elements of prose style. Students receive credit for one course chosen from AAS 113B, AFRS 113B, CAS 113B, CHS 113B, ENGL 113B, LING 113B and QS 113B. Students also are required to enroll in UNIV 062 (1 credit) or equivalent. Individual tutoring is available through the Learning Resource Center. (Available for General Education, Basic Skills Analytical Reading/Expository Writing.) (IC)

LING 200. (How) Language Matters (3)

This course draws heavily from current issues in society to highlight the role of language. It explores strategies used to construct and reflect our identities (as skaters, rappers, school girls, nerds, etc.), to form new meanings and to accommodate popular new technologies (e.g., texting). This course also examines personal and societal perceptions and attitudes toward the language use and competence of others. Students will undertake a challenging, collaborative, hands-on analysis to appreciate (how) language matters. (Available for General Education, Arts and Humanities.)

LING 250. Language(s) in California (3)

What are the languages of California? Who speaks them? What can discovering and examining the range of indigenous, diasporic and emerging languages in California tell us about our own relationships to language and languages, individually and collectively? This course looks at these questions, investigating, through its survey of California’s languages, some fundamental linguistic and sociolinguistic ideas about language and languages. (Available for General Education, Comparative Cultural Studies.)

LING 300. Approaches to Linguistic Analysis (3)

This course provides a comprehensive, in-depth and data-driven introduction to the questions that are raised in the major subfields of linguistics and to the prevailing scientific approaches that are applied to answer those questions. Students will learn foundational concepts of the field and learn to analyze linguistic data. Students also will learn how to describe language data and how to present linguistic arguments clearly, following the conventions that are customary in the field.

LING 310. Language and the Law (3)

Prerequisite: Completion of the lower division writing requirement. Determining what a written text or spoken utterance exactly conveys is nowhere more important than in the area of the law where subtle differences in wording can have drastic consequences in people’s lives. This course examines how language is used and interpreted in legal settings by applying insights from the linguistic fields of semantics, pragmatics, discourse analysis and sociolinguistics. The course has lifelong relevance for every citizen, since we can expect to sign contracts, receive a jury summons or engage in many other ways with the law and legal documents. The course emphasizes active student participation and an explicit connection between theory and practice. Students will be expected to apply their acquired knowledge to practical and–wherever possible–current societal issues. (Available for General Education, Lifelong Learning.)

LING 325. Language, Gender, and Identity (3)

Prerequisite: Completion of the lower division writing requirement. This course studies language as a major factor in our formation of our self-identity and our conceptualization of ourselves and others as male or female. It provides a comprehensive introduction from a linguistic perspective to issues of language, gender, identity and power. (Available for General Education, Comparative Cultural Studies.)

LING 330. Fundamentals for TESL (3)

Introduces students to the fundamentals of TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language). Students will explore the skills and conditions involved in successful second and foreign language learning. Students will use this knowledge to understand the foundations related to second and foreign language instruction, specifically for adults in Intensive English Programs, adult schools, community colleges and abroad.

LING 402. Phonetics and Phonology (3)

Preparatory: ANTH 310, COMS 420 or ENGL 301. Study of the physical and acoustical properties of sound in a variety of natural languages, as well as phonological analysis and rule formation in phonological systems.

LING 403. Introduction to Morphology (3)

Preparatory: LING 300 or equivalent. This morphology course introduces students to the range of questions that the field of linguistics asks about speakers’ knowledge of word structure and to the methods that linguists use both to respond to such questions and develop additional ones. Students will become acquainted with central insights from the field and learn how this knowledge relates to phonology and to syntax but is nevertheless specific to morphology. Available for graduate credit.

LING 404. Syntax (3)

Preparatory: LING 300. LING 404 takes students into the field of syntactic inquiry, learning about the tools used to develop representations of what speakers of a language know about the structural relationships among the meaning-bearing elements in their language, and about how such representations are evaluated, in pursuit of the representations telling us the most about human language itself. Available for graduate credit.

LING 407. Language Varieties (3)

Preparatory: ANTH 310, COMS 420 or ENGL 301. Introduction to the study of language variation. Theoretical aspects of phonological, syntactic and semantic variation will be considered in their geographical and social context.

LING 408. Semantics and Pragmatics (3)

Preparatory: ANTH 310, COMS 420 or ENGL 301. Linguistic study of meaning and context of discourse and the relationship of such study to grammar.

LING 411. Introduction to Historical Linguistics (3)

Preparatory: LING 300 or equivalent. LING 411 investigates the ways languages emerge and evolve. The course looks at gradual changes in vocabulary (lexicon), sounds (phonetics and phonology—hence, spelling), and grammar (morphology and syntax). Topics include the comparative method, the genealogical and typological classification of languages, language universals and the historical development of entirely “new” language varieties and language families. Much attention is devoted to how Present-day Englishes have developed from Old Anglo Saxon. Available for graduate credit.

LING 417. Language Development and Acquisition (3)

Preparatory: Upper division standing; Introduction to the study of language. Required for both ITEP and Linguistics/TESL students and addresses topics linked to language arts and (T)ESL methods courses for students preparing to teach. Introduces students to the study of language development and acquisition, including such topics as approaches to the development of children’s grammars, the development of communicative competence, definitions of bilingualism and multilingualism, relationships between language development and learning to read, issues particular to the multilingual nature of California, and issues related to exceptional language development.

LING 427. Languages in Contact (3)

Preparatory: ANTH 310, COMS 420 or ENGL 301. This course examines various effects of language contact–the occurrence of lexical and grammatical borrowing, such as borrowings between English and Spanish; the emergence of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages; and the process of language attrition or death in the context of a dominant language. The course also addresses the ways in which speakers in multilingual speech communities navigate between the languages that they speak and the language-planning efforts of multilingual communities that are aimed at controlling which language (variety) is used/taught in which setting, such as the use of ASL versus signed English. Much of this course focuses on issues of special relevance to multilingual speech communities in the U.S. and on language contact effects between English and such languages as Armenian, Spanish, Russian and Korean.

LING 441. Sociolinguistics (3)

Preparatory: ANTH 310, COMS 420 or ENGL 301. Language in society. Examines linguistic behavior patterns as determined by such factors as age, gender, class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, region and social context.

LING 447. Bilingualism in the U.S. (3)

Preparatory: ENGL 301. Upper division course dealing with concepts and controversies regarding bilingualism in the U.S. Students will gain an understanding of bilingual language acquisition (e.g., when children acquire more than one language in the home or at school); bilingual language phenomena such as code-switching, linguistic borrowing, transfer, and interlanguage, and the controversies surrounding bilingualism in the U.S. education system and in society. Available for graduate credit.

LING 455. Computational Linguistics (3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing. This is an intensive seminar on computational data processing in linguistics. While computers have no minds of their own, researchers are increasingly able to harness computational methods to understand natural language, which is often ‘messy’ and unpredictable. The focus of this course is the creation of working computer code that can help us answer questions about language by accessing resources from basic corpora (e.g., structured narratives like fables or news stories) to social media. No specialized knowledge of computer science is necessary. The skills learned in this class will be useful for undertaking research in linguistics and the social sciences, as well as for performing data analytics on text corpora. Available for graduate credit.

LING 496A-Z. Experimental Topics Courses (1-3)

Preparatory: Consent of instructor and Linguistics/TESL department chair. Experimental courses in linguistics offered in other departments are subject to approval by the Linguistics/TESL department chair.

LING 499. Independent Study (1-3)

Preparatory: Consent of instructor and Linguistics/TESL department chair.

LING 500. Seminar in Phonetics (3)

Prerequisite: LING 402. This course focuses on articulatory phonetics. In depth study of current issues in the articulatory and physical properties of sounds in natural languages; typology of sound inventories in world languages; perception, transcription, and production of sounds.

LING 501. Seminar in Phonology (3)

Prerequisite: LING 402 or equivalent. Current issues in phonological theory.

LING 502. Seminar in Research on Second Language Acquisition (3)

Prerequisites: LING 402, LING 404 or LING 417, or CHS 433. Critical historical examination of research on second-language acquisition. Study of analytical approaches, such as contrastive analysis, error analysis, performance analysis and discourse analysis, showing how different approaches reflect changing conceptions of language and the nature of language learners.

LING 503. Seminar in Cognitive Linguistics (3)

Prerequisites: An introduction to linguistics and LING 402, LING 404, LING 408, LING 441. Examination of recent theoretical developments in linguistics from the general perspective of cognitive science. Focus on three major areas: cognitive grammar, semantics and pragmatic dimensions of linguistic categorization, as well as the interface of cognition, experience and grammar in natural discourse.

LING 505. Seminar in Discourse Analysis (3)

Prerequisite: LING 407, LING 408 or LING 441. Seminar in the theoretical and methodological aspects of discourse analysis in a linguistic perspective.

LING 506. Foundational Concepts of Phonetics and Phonology (3)

This course introduces graduate students in Linguistics and TESL to key concepts from the fields of phonetics and phonology. The phonetics component of the course focuses on the articulatory description and classification of speech sounds and provides practice in using the International Phonetic Alphabet. The phonology component of the course examines speech sounds as linguistic units that are organized in a grammatical system. Students learn to recognize patterns in the distribution of sounds in data sets from various languages and gain insight into the nature of the sound systems of human languages and its correlation with native and non-native speech perception and production.

LING 510. Foundational Concepts in Linguistics (3)

This course introduces graduate students in Linguistics and TESL to the central questions and findings that guide linguistic research in phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics and historical linguistics. This data rich and research focused course emphasizes analysis, reasoning, and argumentation in the context of these subfields of linguistics and supplies students with foundational knowledge for their continued studies in Linguistics and TESL.

LING 515. Survey of Applied Linguistics (3)

Preparatory: Introduction to linguistics. An introduction to multiple definitions of the field of applied linguistics and insight into the ways that scholars identify and define the concerns of the discipline. Included in the course will be an introductory survey of several specific areas of study that fall under the heading of Applied Linguistics.

LING 517. Foundational Concepts of Language Development and Acquisition (3)

This course introduces graduate students in Linguistics and TESL to key findings from the fields of first and second language acquisition. Topics include the acquisition and processing of phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse and the parallels and differences between first and subsequent language acquisition. The course emphasizes a critical analysis of diverging frameworks and models in conjunction with language data.

LING 520. Issues in ESL Reading and Writing (3)

Preparatory or Recommended Corequisite: LING 502. Provides students with a foundation for understanding the processes of reading and writing–as well as the relationships between them–as they are experienced by adult second-language learners. Topics in the area of reading include skills and strategies that contribute to the second language learner’s ability to read and to comprehend a variety of texts, and curricular design. Topics in writing include aspects of the composing process specific to second language students, the design of curriculum and assignments, and the effects of various types of responses to student writing.

LING 521. Issues in ESL Listening and Speaking (3)

Preparatory or Recommended Corequisite: LING 502. Provides students with a foundation for understanding the processes of listening and speaking as these are experienced by adult second-language learners. While the course focuses on the academic environment, it includes an examination of skills necessary for learners to comprehend a variety of speakers in a range of spoken discourse types, covering both transactional and interactional situations. Also, factors that contribute to effective participation in conversations, including fluency and pronunciation, and cultural and universal rules of discourse are examined, bringing the areas of speaking and listening together in the context of curricular design.

LING 525. English Structures for ESL/EFL Teaching (3)

Prerequisites: ANTH 310 or COMS 420 or ENGL 301; LING 404. Provides a systematic description of the structures and usages of English grammar from the perspective of someone learning English as an additional language. Students focus on ways that such material may most effectively be presented to non-native speakers of English.

LING 530. Introduction to TESL (3)

This course prepares students for coursework offered in the M.A. degree in TESL program and for careers in the TESL field. Students will learn the goals of an M.A. TESL student—acquire practical planning skills, examine the history of second and foreign language teaching, develop a basic knowledge of second language acquisition, use research tools in the library, acquire skill in observing and analyzing ESL classes, and become familiar with how to become a professional in ESL and TESL.

LING 541. Seminar in Sociolinguistics (3)

This course is a graduate seminar on sociolinguistics with a focus on language variation description, theory, method and application. The course will examine regional, social, ethnic and gender varieties. The class will study reports of research focusing on everyday social interaction as well as on larger scale patterns of social dialect variation. The course will also provide opportunities to train in sociolinguistics fieldwork and research methods, with an emphasis on quantitative analysis. Students will practice those skills by carrying out empirical research.

LING 555. TESL Classroom Practices in Postsecondary Academic Settings (3)

Prerequisites: SED 529 or EED 570; 6 units from LING 520, LING 521 or LING 525. This course is designed to provide students knowledge of issues related to the teaching of English as a second language (ESL) to non-native speakers of English in postsecondary academic settings and also to provide students an opportunity to gain teaching experience through supervised practicum training. The focus will be either on concerns of teaching in intensive programs or in community college settings.

LING 566. Research Methods for Linguistics (3)

General Track—Prerequisite or Corequisite: LING 417 or consent of the instructor. Recommended Preparatory: LING 402 and LING 404. TESL Track—Prerequisites or Corequisites: LING 417 and LING 530 or consent of the instructor. Recommended Preparatory: LING 402 and LING 404. An introduction to research in linguistics, including quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research. Data collection and analysis are covered, along with methods for writing research reports.

LING 568. TESL Testing and Assessment (3)

This course is intended for students interested in exploring and practicing educational assessment and pursuing a career in TESL. In this course, students not only learn about assessment practices, but more specifically they become aware of the types of pre-, post- and in-class language assessment required to run an effective English language class and/or program. Students will become aware of the various assessment tools available to them, review criteria used to choose effective exams and practice techniques to design or select sound language tests to suit their needs and teaching circumstances.

LING 578. English for Specific Purposes (3)

Prerequisite: LING 300 or equivalent. This course examines current research, theories, practices, and instructional approaches to teaching English for Specific Purposes(ESP). Students will receive an introduction to ESP and its various sub-branches-English for Academic Purposes (EAP), English for Occupational Purposes (EOP), and English for Professional Purposes (EPP). This course prepares students to teach ESP in a variety of contexts specifically, business, healthcare, law enforcement and hospitality. This course will explore various research tools for investigating specialist discourse such as ethnography, genre analysis, corpus analysis and discourse analysis. Students will learn to conduct a needs analysis of ESP populations. Students will design curricula and evaluate a variety of assessment tools currently used to measure the learning outcomes of second language learners in ESP settings. This course will also focus on intercultural dynamics that impact learning outcomes within ESP contexts.

LING 589. Introduction to Celtic Languages (3)

Preparatory: LING 402, LING 404. This course introduces the Celtic languages from the perspectives of a variety of subfields of linguistics. It covers the reconstruction of the ancient Celtic languages, a description of the phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern languages, and of issues arising from their status as minority languages under threat.

LING 590A-Z. Selected Topics in Linguistics/TESL (3-3)

In-depth study of a selected theme or issue in Linguistics/TESL that is not covered in other Linguistic/TESL graduate courses. Topics will change from semester to semester and be restricted in scope and aimed at gaining depth on a particular issue in Linguistics/TESL. Critical writing and reading required. Up to two different courses in the series may be taken for credit.

LING 599A-C. Independent Study (1-3)

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor and Linguistics/TESL department chair.

LING 604. Acoustic and Instrumental Phonetics (3)

Prerequisite: LING 402This course focuses on acoustic phonetics. In depth empirical and theoretical study of the acoustic properties of speech production, perception, and audition. In addition, students will develop expertise in the use of laboratory equipment and instrumentation in the analysis of experimental phonetic data.

LING 610. Seminar in Syntax (3)

Prerequisite: LING 404. In-depth study of current approaches to syntactic analysis.

LING 696A-C. Directed Graduate Research (1-3)

Prerequisite: Consent of Linguistics/TESL department chair.

LING 697. Directed Comprehensive Studies (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of Linguistics/TESL department chair. Enrollment required in the semester that the comprehensive examination is taken.

LING 698C. Thesis (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of Linguistics/TESL department chair.

LING 698D. Graduate Project (3)

This course serves as the culminating experience for students in the Linguistics and TESL M.A. programs. The focus of the course is on the development of a professional graduate project (a graduate project), which will demonstrate each student’s accomplishments and mastery of the relevant area (TESL or Linguistics). While the requirements for the graduate project vary depending on area, students in this course will develop skills for professional presentation and will demonstrate an advanced level of proficiency in relation to research, pedagogy (where appropriate), and writing skills. The course will culminate with student presentations that will be open to all students and attended by faculty members from the department.

LING 699. Independent Study (1-3)

Prerequisites: Classified graduate status; Consent of instructor and Linguistics/TESL department chair. Maximum of 6 units of 599 and 699 allowed in a student’s program.